- Capital preservation is a strategy to protect the initial investment and minimize the risk of loss.
- It involves investing in low-risk or risk-free assets.
- Capital preservation is suitable for individuals who prioritize the security of their investments over potential higher returns.
What is capital preservation?
Imagine you have some money that you want to invest but you're not comfortable with taking too much risk. Capital preservation is a strategy that focuses on keeping your initial investment safe and minimizing the chance of losing money. Instead of seeking high returns, capital preservation prioritizes the security and stability of your investment.
To achieve capital preservation, you typically invest in low-risk investments, such as government bonds, high-quality corporate bonds, or other cash based equivilants. These types of investments are generally considered less volatile and are more likely to maintain their value over time.
How does capital preservation work?
Capital preservation works by investing in assets that have a lower risk of losing value. Low-risk investments tend to have a more predictable performance, offering stability and protection for your capital. While the potential for high returns may be limited, the goal is to ensure that your investment retains its value and is not significantly impacted by market fluctuations.
For example, let's say you have £10,000 that you want to preserve. Instead of investing it in high-risk stocks or volatile assets, you choose to invest in government bonds. Government bonds are generally considered safer because they are backed by the government's ability to repay the debt. Although the returns may be lower compared to riskier investments, you prioritize the preservation of your capital and the assurance of receiving the principal amount back.
Real world example of capital preservation
An example of capital preservation in the real world is investing in a fixed deposit account. Let's say you have £5,000 that you want to preserve while earning a small return. You deposit the funds in a fixed deposit account with a bank. The bank guarantees a fixed interest rate for a specified period, typically ranging from a few months to several years.
The interest rate may be lower compared to other investment options, but you prioritize the safety of your capital. At the end of the deposit term, you receive your initial investment plus the accrued interest.
Final thoughts on capital preservation
Capital preservation is a strategy that focuses on protecting the initial investment and minimizing the risk of loss. It involves investing in low-risk or risk-free assets that prioritize stability and security over high returns. This approach is suitable for individuals who value the preservation of their capital and are willing to accept potentially lower earnings in exchange for reduced risk.
By understanding capital preservation, you can make informed investment decisions that align with your risk tolerance and financial goals, ensuring the security and stability of your investment portfolio.